Asthma is a disease that affects your lungs. It is one of the most common long-term diseases of children, but adults can have asthma too. The symptoms of asthma are wheezing, breathlessness, chest tightness and nighttime or early morning coughing. If someone in your family has asthma, you are also more likely to have it. You can control your asthma by knowing the warning signs of an attack, staying away from things that trigger an attack and following the advice of your doctor or other medical professional.
The following are some of the known triggers of asthma:
- Tobacco Smoke
- Dust Mites
- Outdoor Air Pollution
- Cockroach Allergen
- Strenuous physical exercise
- Some medicines
- High humidity or freezing temperatures
- Smoke from burning wood, grass, or other vegetation
- Some foods and additives
- Severe emotional conditions
HAVE AN ASTHMA ACTION PLAN!
Important points to remember
- Don’t wait to seek help if you think you are experiencing an acute asthma flare up that has not responded to your hand held rescue inhaler (albuterol).
- Take your maintenance Asthma medicine even when you feel JUST FINE.
GO TO THE EMERGENCY ROOM IF:
- Asthma attack is more severe than usual
- No relief after appropriate rescue inhaler
- Blue nail beds are noted
- Child seem to be using Belly muscles too much (abdominal breathing)
- Lower ribs seem to retract inward (rib retraction)
- Any adult asthmatic having symptoms severe enough to keep him/her speaking in full sentences
- Somnolence, confusion or any altered mental status in a patient experiencing asthma exacerbation is the sign of impending respiratory failure. Call 911 immediately if this happens.